美國國稅局六月十八日放寬了自動申報海外帳戶的罰則,讓更多居住在海外的公民及本土公民能選擇以「非故意隱瞞」的理由來補申報。住海外的公民,所有的罰款將取消, 而住本土的公民只罰海外帳戶總金額的5%,詳見原文……http://www.irs.gov/uac/Newsroom/IRS-Makes-Changes-to-Offshore-Programs;-Revisions-Ease-Burden-and-Help-More-Taxpayers-Come-into-Compliance#.U6TRms9ohXc.gmail

IRS

海外帳戶申報Q&A

1.什麼人士須要報114表 (FBAR) ?
美國人, 包括美國公民, 綠咭持有人, 信託持有人, 物業所有人及符合申報規定持有海外帳戶的美國公司。

2.114表 (FBAR) 中提及的美國包括美國屬地嗎?
包括在內, 在美國本土境內和其屬地的居民, 以及綠咭持有人均需申報114 表 (FBAR)。

3.擁有多少資產才要申報?
如在一年當中的任何時間, 金融帳戶中的存款金額超過美金1萬美元, 納稅人便須申報該帳戶資產。

4.如帳戶或資產與我存在著利害關係, 我是否需要申報?
境外帳戶持有人、受益人或擁有簽名權人士, 皆須要申報114 表 (FBAR)。

5.申報的內容是什麼?
海外金融機構所管理的帳戶最高金額。
(美國公司在境外分部的資產亦包含在內)

6.什麼時候截止申報?
申報期限為6月30日, 並且不得延期。

7.如合資格申報人士故意或非故意漏報資產, 其罰則如下:
若非蓄意不報, 罰款為1萬元, 若為蓄意未報者, 罰款為10萬元或為帳戶金額的50%, 並可能負有刑事責任。

8.什麼樣的海外資產需要申報?
需申報的海外資產包括:
a.海外金融帳戶中金融財產, 當中包括銀行帳戶(支票帳戶和儲蓄戶口) 、投資帳戶、共同基金、證券和經紀帳戶、借記卡和預付貸記卡帳戶、人壽保險及具有現金價值的年金
b.任何由海外公司作為發行方或交易方的金融商品或合同

MISSING A CHECK BOX ON THE FORM 1040 CAN BE CRIMINAL <Forward – Western CPE>

CPA and Managing Director of a Foreign Corporation Found Guilty of Tax Fraud for Not Checking “Yes” on Schedule B, Part III and Failing to File FBAR Forms U.S. v. James A. Simon, CA‑7, 11-1837, August 15, 2013; 2013-2 USTC ¶50,480

A jury convicted James A. Simon, a CPA and a professor of accounting who was the managing director of three foreign corporations with signature authority over the corporations’ foreign bank accounts, of four counts of filing false income tax returns because he failed to check the “yes” box on his Forms 1040, Schedule B, Part III.

Foreign bank account requires that the Schedule B, Part III, be completed.  Although Mr. Simon had signature authority over foreign bank accounts, he did not properly complete the Schedule B on his Form 1040. You must check box 1 “yes” if at any time in 2013 the client had an interest or signature authority in a financial account located in a foreign country. The box must be checked “yes” even if the client is not required to file a TD Form 90-22.1 (for example, because the balance is too low to meet that form’s filing requirements.)

News. For 2013, the TD Form 90-22.1 has been replaced by the FinCEN Form 114 ‑ FBAR Foreign Bank Account Report.  Hear more about the changes to foreign asset reporting at our 2013 Tax Update Classes.

Failure to File FBAR Form also Criminal. CPA Simon was also convicted of three counts of failing to file TD Form 90-22.1, Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts (FBAR). Simon was required to file an FBAR for each year he had signature authority over a foreign account with a balance of $10,000 or more. The charges against Simon, which brought a 6-year prison sentence, went much further than the failure to correctly report his foreign banking activities. He was found guilty of 20 counts, including multiple counts of filing false tax returns, failure to file reports of foreign bank accounts, and fraud involving federal financial aid. The 7th Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed his conviction in 2013. Because he was under civil examination by the IRS, he was not eligible for either the Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Initiative or administrative relief. Simon’s wife committed suicide in 2007, three days after IRS agents raided the family’s home.

Warning.  Remember that having a signature authority over your elderly parents’ bank account in Mexico or Canada is one of the many surprising times that accounts are reportable.

Avoid preparer penalties. Ask every client if they have a foreign financial account and document the answer.

etax alert-western CPE